The loss and pollution of animal habitats on land and at sea is posing a real threat to the human life support system.
Even if climate change is fixed, the way economies are run means the planet's resources are being rapidly used up and they are finite.
Around 84 percent of freshwater species have already been lost, and by 2050 there will be more plastic than fish in the world's oceans if nothing is done
Other threats include the emergence of diseases like Covid 19, Ebola and SARS, which are all viruses that have jumped to humans from animals after their habitats were destroyed.
The loss of natural pollinators like bees is another key risk as 75 percent of our food crops depend on pollination.
However, moves are afoot to make tackling biodiversity loss as big an issue as climate change and develop a new framework to reduce losses though there is still much disagreement on the targets.